Abies grandis

grand fir

  • © Great Plant Picks / Richie Steffen

  • © Rick Peterson / Great Plant Picks

Outstanding Qualities

This native conifer is considered the standard for a beautiful Christmas tree shape. The shiny, dark green needles with silvery undersides complement the graceful, conical habit that this fir has in youth making it the perfect tree for the holiday tradition. A moderate-growing evergreen tree, it is the queen of our lowland forests. When crushed, grand fir needles emit a characteristic northwest woodland fragrance of citrus and pine. A mature tree towers above the garden with a columnar framework that shows off strongly layered branches and smooth gray bark.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: pyramidal conifer

Foliage Type: evergreen

Plant Height: 25 ft. 0 in. (7.62 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 12 ft. 0 in. (3.66 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 100 ft. 0 in. (30.48 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 30 ft. 0 in. (9.14 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 5 to 8

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun or light to dappled shade

Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established

Seasonal Interest: year-round evergreen foliage, particularly in winter

Wildlife Associations: birds

Culture Notes
The stately evergreen conifer thrives in rich, moist but well-drained soil, but will also grow well in sandy and rocky soils. It will grow best in full sun or light to dappled shade and is drought tolerant once established. Grand fir has no serious pest problems. Provide ample space for this large tree to fully develop into an impressive specimen.