Pinus wallichiana

Himalayan white pine

Outstanding Qualities

This handsome-yet-uncommon conifer deserves a special place in Northwest gardens. Himalayan pine has very long, silky-soft needles of attractive blue-green. If it is planted where it receives partial shade, the blue needle coloring is intensified. Mature specimens become large stately trees with distinctly layered branches. trees ultimately take on a broadly pyramidal shape. And their cones are equally impressive, some reaching almost to 12 inches in length, hanging in small clusters from the branches. It is a good tree for large spaces and combines well with our native conifers. The long, almost shaggy, needles make this one of the most attractive and graceful pines for the landscape.

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: gold, burgundy, variegated

Great Color Partners: silver, dark green, blue

Culture Notes

Himalayan white pine grows best in full sun to light or open shade. In shade the needles have a lovely blue cast. It prefers well-drained or sandy soil and once established it is drought tolerant, but does appreciate occasional watering during prolonged dry weather. Little pruning is needed to maintain its twisted habit, only remove dead, broken or poorly formed limbs. Himalayan pine is free of any serious diseases or pests. It is particularly resistant to pine shoot moth and white pine blister rust. Provide ample space for this large tree to fully develop.

© Richie Steffen / Great Plant Picks

Quick Facts

Plant Type: conifer

Foliage Type: evergreen

Plant Height: 18 ft. 0 in. (5.49 m.)

Plant Width/Spread: 15 ft. 0 in. (4.57 m.)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 6 to 9

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun or light to open shade

Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established, but appreciates occasional watering