Carpinus betulus ‘Frans Fontaine’

columnar hornbeam

Outstanding Qualities

When young, the cultivar ‘Fran Fontaine’ is similar to ‘Fastigiata’ but was selected for its ability to retain its sleek, columnar form into maturity. Long-lived even in tough locations, it matures at 40 to 50 feet tall but spreads only about 20 feet. In ten years it seldom spreads more than 6 to 8 feet while reaching a height of 20 to 25 feet. A handsome tree, the summer foliage is a rich green becoming a gold yellow in autumn. This is the best of the European hornbeam selections for use as a street tree

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: variegated, burgundy

Great Color Partners: gold, dark green

Culture Notes

This columnar hornbeam will grow well in full sun or light to deep shade. It is not fussy about soil as long as it is well-drained and it will tolerate sandy and clay situations. Once established it is very drought tolerant. Allow enough space for the tree to fully develop. If used as a hedge plant it is best in full sun to open shade.

© J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: columnar tree

Foliage Type: deciduous

Plant Height: 25 ft. 0 in. (7.62 m.)

Plant Width/Spread: 6 ft. 0 in. (1.83 m.)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 to 8

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun or light to deep shade

Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established