Elaeagnus pungens ‘Maculata’

golden elaeagnus

Outstanding Qualities

Yellow flames on evergreen leaves are a striking feature of Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata'. This large shrub best employed in larger scaled gardens in mixed plantings and as a naturalistic screening plant. Fragrant flowers are not showy and hardly seen but their presence is made known in September and October with a powerfully sweet fragrance. The undersides of the leaves are silver and the brown stems are covered with silver scales as well. It is easy to grow and superb in flower arrangements in any season but particularly fine in winter floral bouquets. It is very long lasting when cut. Plant it with Camellia x williamsii 'Donation', witchhazels and red-stemmed dogwoods along with hellebores and cyclamen in mass. It can be grown on a large scale as an impenetrable hedge to secure a property boundary.

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: dark green, blue, burgundy

Great Color Partners: gold, silver, yellow

Culture Notes

This tough and adaptable shrub will grow in full sun to deep shade in well-drained soils, although it will tolerate sandy or clay soils if they are not waterlogged. Once established it is drought tolerant, but in competitive situations it appreciates occasional watering during the driest weather. If all-green leaves appear prune out the branch to keep the variegation uniform. In dappled and deep shade it rarely flowers. In sunny locations pruning is best in winter, early spring and early summer to keep from removing flower buds. It is resistant to damage from salt-laden air.

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Quick Facts

Plant Type: shrub

Foliage Type: evergreen

Plant Height: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 m.)

Plant Width/Spread: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 m.)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 6 to 10

Flower Color: cream

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun to deep shade

Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established