Picea orientalis

Caucasian spruce

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Outstanding Qualities

Oriental spruce is a first rate conifer that is the dark lustrous green and always beautiful in the garden. One of the distinguishing characteristics of this spruce is that the short, shiny needles are not needle sharp like most others in the genus. Branches are held horizontal from the trunk with pendulous branchlettes making for a romantic image of the perfect spruce. trees are dense and make excellent plants for large scale, naturalistic screens. It is far superior to Norway and white spruce and has a longer useful life in the landscape, as it does not get leggy and thin with age. The dark green foliage color remains just as vibrant in winter when many conifers turn bronze or dull green.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: pyramidal conifer

Foliage Type: evergreen

Plant Height: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 6 ft. 0 in. (1.83 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 60 ft. 0 in. (18.29 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 40 ft. 0 in. (12.19 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 to 8

Flower Color: none

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun

Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established

Wildlife Associations: birds

Resistant to: deer

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: gold, burgundy, variegated

Great Color Partners: silver, dark green, blue

Culture Notes
This spruce grows best in full sun. It prefers a well-drained or sandy soil, but will tolerate clay. Once established it is drought tolerant. It has a strong resistance to insects and diseases. Notably, it is especially resistant to the highly damaging conifer aphid. Little pruning is needed to keep it looking its best, only to remove any dead or broken branches.