Pinus densiflora ‘Umbraculifera’

tanyosho pine

  • © Richard A. Brown/The Arbor Fund

Outstanding Qualities

The influence of Japanese gardening permeates the Northwest landscape, and few plants invoke this Asian style as well as tanyosho pine. Nothing else has its unique growth habit and such a wonderful combination of ornamental attributes. It grows slowly into a flat-topped tree, hence the name tabletop pine. Each branch radiates out in a vase-like pattern from its strong main trunk. Bright green needles are very thin and soft to the touch, they are held aristocratically at the ends of its branches. Bark on the trunk and main braches flakes and peels to reveal a rusty, orange-red inner layer that provides a counterpoint to tanyosho pine's green needles. Use this pine as a specimen in the garden. Mature tanyosho pines can be underplanted with rhododendrons or low-growing cultivars of Japanese maple. Plants with deep green foliage complement the color of this pine's beautiful bark.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: conifer

Foliage Type: evergreen

Plant Height: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 8 ft. 0 in. (2.44 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 30 ft. 0 in. (9.14 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 25 ft. 0 in. (7.62 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 to 8

Flower Color: none

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun

Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established

Wildlife Associations: birds

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: gold, burgundy, variegated

Great Color Partners: silver, dark green, blue

Culture Notes
The slow growing pine is best in full sun. It prefers well-drained or sandy soil, but will tolerate clay if the drainage is adequate. Once established it is completely drought tolerant, although it appreciates occasional watering during prolonged dry weather. The roots are tolerant of restricted zones making it great for patio planters and large containers. Ice and snow can break the branches of this pine. When it is young it can be beneficial to thin the stems to create a more open sturdy trunk. This pine is relatively pest free. Occasionally pine shoot moth can infect the new growth. This can easily be remedied by the timely removal of any wilting or dying shoots in spring.