Pinus heldreichii

Bosnian pine

  • © Richie Steffen / Great Plant Picks

  • © Richie Steffen / Great Plant Picks

  • © Richie Steffen / Great Plant Picks

Synonyms: Pinus leucodermis

Outstanding Qualities

The Bosnian pine is a great slow-growing pine for the landscape. It will maintain a strong central trunk creating a stately tight pyramidal form that can add an aristocratic air to the garden. The stiff upright bundles of needles are a deep dark green that have a lustrous and rich tone. As the pine matures its form will become a little more open showing an attractive layered branching habit. It is very tough and versatile evergreen tolerating difficult poor soil locations and sunny hot spots. Bosnian pine is great for formal settings and would be an appropriate choice for smaller gardens. To capitalize on its rigid structure plant it with other more formal growers, such as, Cryptomeria japonica 'Sekkan-sugi', Viburnum davidii, or tightly sheared Osmanthus delavayi. If you would like a softer appearance combine with Ribes sangineum, Mahonia nervosa, or Miss Kim lilac. It has no major insect or disease problems.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: conifer

Foliage Type: evergreen

Plant Height: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 6 ft. 0 in. (1.83 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 0 ft. 0 in. (0.00 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 0 ft. 0 in. (0.00 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 6 to 8

Flower Color: none

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun

Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established

Wildlife Associations: birds

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: gold, burgundy, variegated

Great Color Partners: silver, dark green, blue

Culture Notes
Bosnian pine grows best in full sun. It prefers well-drained or sandy soil, although it will tolerate clay is the drainage is adequate. Once established it is completely drought tolerant. The roots are tolerant of restricted zones making it great for patio planters and large containers. Little pruning is needed to maintain its tidy habit, only remove dead, broken or poorly formed limbs. New growth can be broken in half or pinched out to create a denser more compact tree.