Fagus sylvatica ‘Dawyck Gold’

columnar golden European beech

  • © J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.

  • © J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.

Outstanding Qualities

This tree is remarkable in spring with bright yellows and chartreuse tones on a tightly upright tree. As the foliage matures the color deepens to a rich lime green with gold highlights on the sunny side of the tree. Strong upright limbs surround a central trunk with smooth pale gray bark. It is one of the most beautiful and brilliant of all columnar trees.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: columnar tree

Foliage Type: deciduous

Plant Height: 25 ft. 0 in. (7.62 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 6 ft. 0 in. (1.83 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 50 ft. 0 in. (15.24 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 15 ft. 0 in. (4.57 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 to 9

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun to light, open, or dappled shade

Water Requirements: regular to occasional watering

Seasonal Interest: a tree of all seasons, but the bright spring foliage steals the show and the strong angles of the branches are beautiful during winter

Resistant to: rabbits, slug, snail

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: blue, burgundy, dark green, red

Great Color Partners: cream, orange, yellow

Culture Notes
This European beech can tolerate a wide variety of soil conditions from sand to clay as long as the drainage is adequate. Once established it only needs occasional watering during prolonged dry periods. Avoid hot locations or the leaves can burn. It will thrive in shade, but the foliage color is diminished. It is a handsome specimen and should be provided enough space to fully develop. It rarely needs pruning to maintain its naturally graceful and majestic form and the thin, delicate bark can be easily injured. For these reasons, consult an experienced pruner or arborist before attempting to prune. Woolly aphids can be a minor problem, but sprays are not required since they do not jeopardize the tree’s vigor or health. Avoid planting near driveways or patios where the “honeydew” from the aphids can create sticky surfaces and the maturing roots can damage the pavement.
Geek Notes
Discovered at Dawyck Botanic Gardens in Scotland.