Fagus sylvatica ‘Dawyck’

columnar European beech

  • © J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.

Outstanding Qualities

This stately columnar tree matures to be a fantastic statement for generations to come. Strong upright limbs surround a central trunk with smooth, pale gray bark. In early spring bright green leaves emerge that gradually darken to a deep rich green that densely covers the form. It is one of the most beautiful of all columnar trees.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: columnar tree

Foliage Type: deciduous

Plant Height: 30 ft. 0 in. (9.14 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 6 ft. 0 in. (1.83 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 60 ft. 0 in. (18.29 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 15 ft. 0 in. (4.57 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 to 9

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun to light or open shade

Water Requirements: occasional watering

Seasonal Interest: a tree of all seasons, but the stately summer outline is spectacular and the strong angles of the branches are beautiful during winter

Resistant to: rabbits, slug, snail

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: cream, red, yellow

Great Color Partners: bronze, burgundy, chartreuse

Culture Notes
This European beech can tolerate a wide variety of soil conditions from sand to clay as long as the drainage is adequate. Once established it only needs occasional watering during prolonged dry periods. It is a handsome specimen and should be provided enough space to fully develop. It rarely needs pruning to maintain its naturally graceful and majestic form and the thin, delicate bark can be easily injured. For these reasons, consult an experienced pruner or arborist before attempting to prune. Woolly aphids can be a minor problem, but sprays are not required since they do not jeopardize the tree’s vigor or health. Avoid planting near driveways or patios where the “honeydew” from the aphids can create sticky surfaces and the maturing roots can damage the pavement.
Geek Notes
The original plant was found growing wild in 1864 on the Scottish estate, Dawyck. The first seed was not produced on this cultivar until 1968. If the nuts are planted about 40% are columnar.