© J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.
River birch stands out for its beautiful peeling multicolored bark which ranges in colors from cream and salmon to orange-red and cinnamon-brown. The trunks are covered with layers of small peeling curls that are especially noticeable in winter. It is a fast growing, upright, deciduous pyramidal tree, and is spectacular grown in groups to further accentuate the bark.
Plant Type: pyramidal tree
Foliage Type: deciduous
Plant Height: 15 ft. 0 in. (4.57 meters)
Plant Width/Spread: 15 ft. 0 in. (4.57 meters)
Plant Height-Mature: 60 ft. 0 in. (18.29 meters)
Plant Width-Mature: 60 ft. 0 in. (18.29 meters)
Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 to 9
Sun/Light Exposure: full sun or light shade
Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established
Seasonal Interest: year-round attractive bark, but especially in winter
Resistant to: deer
Colors & Combos
Great Color Contrasts: pink, purple, burgundy
Great Color Partners: brown, bronze, cream
- Culture Notes
- This birch grows best in full sun to light shade and can adapt to a wide variety of soils, from well-drained to wet locations. It will also tolerate sandy sites or clay soils. Once established it is drought tolerant. Lower branches can be removed when they are small to show off the beautiful trunk, but in general it requires little more than the removal of dead, broken or poorly formed limbs. Provide plenty of space to fully enjoy the beautiful trunk and the graceful and delicate branching.