Carpinus betulus ‘Fastigiata’

columnar hornbeam

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Outstanding Qualities

The cultivar ‘Fastigiata’ is the representative of Carpinus betulus that is most often seen in our region. It has a tight upright habit when young, but will eventually broaden to a mature size of 30 feet wide and 40 to 50 feet high. It is a survivor, requiring little care and withstanding drought, poor soils and heavy pollution. A handsome tree, columnar European hornbeam has serrated leaves that are green in summer and gold in autumn. It has smooth, grey bark with a muscular look. Its slow growth and adaptability to pruning make it an ideal tree for training, be it a hedge or topiary.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: narrow tree

Foliage Type: deciduous

Plant Height: 25 ft. 0 in. (7.62 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 50 ft. 0 in. (15.24 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 30 ft. 0 in. (9.14 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 to 8

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun or light to deep shade

Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established

Resistant to: deer

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: dark green, bronze

Great Color Partners: silver, gold

Culture Notes
This columnar hornbeam will grow well in full sun or light to deep shade. It is not fussy about soil as long as it is well-drained and it will tolerate sandy and clay situations. Once established it is very drought tolerant. Allow enough space for the tree to fully develop. If used as a hedge plant it is best in full sun to open shade.