© J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.
Carpinus caroliniana is a versatile and tough tree that tolerates the shady understory conditions of a woodland or the poor compacted soils of the urban landscape. This elegant, slow growing tree has attractive smooth gray bark and a fluted, crooked trunk with a distinctive muscle-like appearance. The thin paper-like foliage turns lovely scarlet and orange in the fall. This tree is easy to grow and has no serious pests or disease problems.
Plant Type: tree
Foliage Type: deciduous
Plant Height: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 meters)
Plant Width/Spread: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 meters)
Plant Height-Mature: 40 ft. 0 in. (12.19 meters)
Plant Width-Mature: 50 ft. 0 in. (15.24 meters)
Hardiness: USDA Zones 3 to 9
Sun/Light Exposure: full sun or light to deep shade
Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established
Resistant to: deer
Colors & Combos
Great Color Contrasts: dark green, variegated
Great Color Partners: silver, orange, red
- Culture Notes
- This slow growing hornbeam will do best in full sun or light to deep shade. It is not fussy about soil as long as it is well-drained and it will tolerate sandy and clay situations. Once established it is very drought tolerant. Pruning is needed only to remove dead, broken or poorly formed limbs.
- Geek Notes
- American hornbeam is native to the extreme southwestern portion of Quebec and southeastern tip of Ontario, Canada as well as the mid-west, northeast, and southern United States to northern Florida, but not quite to the Gulf Coast. In addition, there are populations found in southern Mexico, Guatemala, and western Honduras.