Chionanthus virginicus

American fringe tree

  • © J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.

  • © J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.

  • © Jason Sturner

Outstanding Qualities

For dramatic effect, few trees offer greater season-long excitement for the landscape than the American fringe tree. Lacey white thread-like flowers are produced in clusters on the branch tips in late spring to early summer. There are male and female trees; the males produce more flowers but the females produce attractive clusters of dark black berries in late summer. It is best grown as a multi-stemmed large shrub or multi-stemmed small tree.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: spreading tree

Foliage Type: deciduous

Plant Height: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 15 ft. 0 in. (4.57 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 20 ft. 0 in. (6.10 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 20 ft. 0 in. (6.10 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 5 to 9

Flower Color: white

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun

Water Requirements: regular watering

Wildlife Associations: bees

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: white, bronze, gold

Great Color Partners: dark green

Culture Notes
American fringe tree grows best in rich well-drained soil, but will tolerate a sandy location as well. Plant it in full sun for the most plentiful flowers and provide regular summer watering.
Geek Notes
Native to the eastern United States.