Corylus colurna

Turkish filbert

  • © Roy Forster

Outstanding Qualities

This excellent ornamental tree truly falls into the category of "plants that merit attention," and it is described in The Garden Club of America's book of the same title as follows. Turkish filbert is "valued for its stately pyramidal form, handsome summer foliage, and interesting winter characteristics [particularly] the male catkins in early spring...An excellent tree for city conditions and dry situations...This tree is too little known and grown." Likewise, in his superb book North American Landscape trees, Arthur Lee Jacobsen describes it as a "handsome, sturdy, trouble-free shade tree of moderate size." When grown in groups it produces nuts from mid-August into October, but these are not as tasty as those of its edible filbert relatives. This unusual tree is well worth seeking out, for it has stood the test of time.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: tree

Foliage Type: deciduous

Plant Height: 12 ft. 0 in. (3.66 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 60 ft. 0 in. (18.29 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 30 ft. 0 in. (9.14 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 5 to 8

Flower Color: yellow

Sun/Light Exposure: full sun

Water Requirements: drought tolerant when established

Seasonal Interest: male catkins in winter

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: dark green, silver

Great Color Partners: gold

Culture Notes
This tough tree grows best in full sun and rich, well-drained soil, but will tolerate light shade and heavy clay soil provided there is good drainage. Water regularly in the summer for the first two growing seasons, then it is drought tolerant once established.
Geek Notes
Native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia.