Fargesia sp. ‘Jiuzhaigou 1’

red-stemmed clumping bamboo

red dragon bamboo

  • © Noah Bell - www.bamboogarden.com

Synonyms: Fargesia ‘Jiu’ RED PANDA

Outstanding Qualities

This stunning medium-sized clumping bamboo is grown for it colorful red culms (bamboo stems). New culms emerge in late spring a bright green; as they mature the color changes to red and yellow. The small thin leaves are evergreen, although about 1/3 of the leaves will turn golden yellow and drop in autumn leaving an airy and feathery canopy through the winter. Red-stemmed clumping bamboo is very winter hardy and makes a great specimen in a large container.

Quick Facts

Plant Type: clumping bamboo

Foliage Type: evergreen

Plant Height: 10 ft. 0 in. (3.05 meters)

Plant Width/Spread: 8 ft. 0 in. (2.44 meters)

Plant Height-Mature: 15 ft. 0 in. (4.57 meters)

Plant Width-Mature: 12 ft. 0 in. (3.66 meters)

Hardiness: USDA Zones 5 to 9

Sun/Light Exposure: light to dappled shade

Water Requirements: regular watering

Seasonal Interest: colorful stems year-round

Resistant to: aphids, rabbits, deer, slug, snail

Colors & Combos

Great Color Contrasts: chartreuse, cream, purple, white

Great Color Partners: black, bronze, burgundy, orange, red, yellow

Culture Notes
Red-stemmed clumping bamboo grows best in rich, well drained soil. The stem color is best in light, open or dappled shade, preferably with morning sun for 2 to 4 hours and protection from the hot afternoon sun. In more shade or more sun the stem color will vary. This evergreen bamboo will naturally shed about 1/3 of its foliage in the autumn giving a lovely airy appearance through the winter.
Geek Notes
Red-stemmed clumping bamboo was recently brought into cultivation from Jiuzhaigou Park which translates to “Valley of Nine Villages” and is located in northern Sichuan, China. Exquisite turquoise-colored lakes are a significant feature in this mountainous region which ranges from 6,500 to 15,000 feet. In 1982 the Chinese government created the Park to protect its natural features. A German pharmacist, Stephan Wagner, brought this plant to Europe in 1986 and from there it was propagated and sent to the United States. In its early years of cultivation it was called Fargesia nitida ‘Jiuzhaigou 1’; however, recent DNA work revealed it is different enough to be a separate species, although it is still unnamed.